Gender Equity & Sensitization in Higher Education Institutions
18th February 2023 I 2:00 P.M Onwards
The Crucial Role of Education in Promoting Gender Parity and Gender Sensitization
Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace: Awareness of POSH ACT,2013.
A fundamental prerequisite for the development of any country is equality in all facets of life. It implies being on an equal footing in terms of opportunity, rights, or status. Harassment of women at work is a widespread and ongoing problem that negatively affects both the people who encounter it and the organizations in which it occurs. The well-being and mental health of women, as well as their job happiness and professional success, can all suffer significantly from harassment. In this research paper, we will examine the various forms of harassment that women may face while working in the Higher Education Institutions, the awareness about POSH Act 2013, and strategies for preventing and addressing harassment in the workplace. Almost all the women in the sample admitted of having faced one or the other form of sexual harassment in their workplaces and majority of them has not reported the incidence to any concerned authority as they were unaware of such existing provisions. Most of the women have a little or no idea about the POSH Act,2013. They were unaware of their rights to raise complaints regarding sexual harassment as well as about the actions that can be taken against the harasser or the organization.
Teacher Trainees’ Perceptions, Conceptions and Expression Regarding Gender Issues: Effectiveness of Gender Studies Course Work.
A gender study is a Knowledge domain study which focuses on the process of gender identity, stereotyping and aims for gender parity. The study of gender helps us to broaden our understanding of gender identity and culture, the intersection of gender with race and ethnicity, class and sexuality. Gender has become a vital element in the discourse of development and inclusion. With this approach, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU) has developed a module namely Gender School & Society (Course Code: BED 210) in B.Ed. Course. The primary objective of this course is to reflect on different theories of gender and education and relate it to power relations. The course is meant to reinforce students’ understanding of gender from the socio-cultural and religious perspective. Hence, this course plays an important role in the process of learning and developing human behaviour among the B.Ed. students at two B.Ed. Colleges affiliated to GGSIPU. The Present paper endeavours to evaluate the impact of this course on Teacher Trainees’ Perceptions, Conceptions, and Expression regarding Gender issues. The Study is to check the effectiveness of Course on the perception of students regarding Gender Parity. It is Qualitative research with 189 B.Ed. students as a sample of the Study. Internal assessment of students was measured to check the level of conception of gender issues among students. A self-prepared tool Gender Awareness Attitude Scale (GAAS) was used to analyze the perceptions, misconceptions, and reflections of students regarding gender issues. The study results revealed a number of misconceptions as well as wrong expression leading to faulty conceptions of gender parity. The study also concludes that this course was quite effective in sensitizing Teacher Trainees regarding their own Perceptions, Conceptions, and Expression for Gender Parity.
Keywords: Gender Issues, Perceptions, Conceptions, Expressions, Gender Parity, Teacher Trainees & B.Ed. Course Work.
Gender Equity and Sensitisation in Higher Education Institution.
A boy asked his mom, “How will I be able to find the right woman for me?” The mom replied, “Don’t worry about finding the right women, concentrate on becoming the right man.” Education has been treated as the basic human right of all individuals irrespective of their gender, ethnicity, religion, background or wealth. It lays emphasis on the equality of both men as well as women in obtaining education from basic to higher levels. However, in recent times, traditional gender roles have seen to be influencing the choices regarding occupation, education as well as ways of life. It leads to reinforcement of the patriarchal norms in the society which strengthens the unequal foundations of sex-specifications while choosing education especially in higher education institutions. Even in higher education, Teachers’ outlook regarding gender equality in society, education and their classrooms is very narrow and incomplete in spite of its comprehensive concepts. For them, gender equality is limited to providing equal educational opportunities or just teaching the lessons on gender equality to students. However, the notion of gender equality includes elimination of inherent and unseen practices of gender discrimination. It tries to build strong foundations so that irrespective of gender of student, they could get the integrated experience of teaching learning in all areas of educational practices. This will lead to development of a strong foundation which will eliminate the traditional gender norms formed by our culture and accepted by the people of our society. The present Grounded Theory Research aims at uncovering the social factors pertaining to the Indian Society that result in construction of masculinity or femininity norms in India. The results of this grounded theory research will have far reaching effects on whole community who have been talking about the issues and problems involved in Socialisation in India. Policymakers will get a new vision and direction regarding the construction of gender identities in India.
Gender equity and sensitization in higher education institutions
Abstract : Gender equality is when people of all genders have equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities. Everyone is affected by gender inequality. Thus, gender inequality has become a raging issue, thereby requiring a solution to it. Gender equality is defined as making resources or opportunities available to everyone, irrespective of any bias in gender. Gender inequality is a burning issue in Indian society. Despite a constitution that guarantees equal rights for men and women, gender discrimination still prevails in India. Poverty, patriarchal set up in our Indian society, lack of education, unawareness among the women, social customs and practices are some causes to mention behind the problem of gender inequality. One way to solve the problem of gender inequality is by conducting sensitization programs. By sensitization, we mean making people aware in regard to equality in law, social system and democratic activities. The issue of gender inequality should be tried to solve from the grass-root level. By grass root level, we can refer to educational institutions like schools and colleges. At colleges, gender sensitization cell can be formed. The study is based on secondary sources of interest.
Key words: equal rights, gender discrimination, patriarchal society, sensitization program
Gender Equity And Sensitization In Higher Education Institutions
"Gender Equality" is a crucial facet of social justice, inclusiveness and social cohesion based on the values and practices of Human Rights, such as the fundamental respect of human dignity the right to equal and fair treatment regardless of differences (such as gender differences)among people . Theories such as feminism consider gender inequalities as the matrix of all social inequalities . Consequently, eliminating gender inequalities is seen as a precondition and leverage of eliminating other disparities, such as those related to skin colour, ethnicity, social and economic background, culture and religion. Gender Equity means respecting and treating all people equally without discriminating on the basis of gender, while the process of creating awareness regarding gender equality issues and modifying the behaviour and views that people hold about themselves and other gender, is known as gender sensitization.
Education at primary as well as at higher level plays an important role in promoting gender equity and sensitization. The students are taught through various examples and historical events, how gender discrimination has hindered development in the past. It taught us how immoral of us it is to discriminate on the basis of the differences that make us ourselves. Like a person belongs to a certain gender so, they are not deemed right for a certain type of work as it is the work of superior gender. Educational institutes instill in children facts that lead to gender equity and that they must follow them to bring about a change, because a change even if small is yet significant, if it contributes towards a greater and brighter tomorrow. The aim of Schools and Colleges is to teach children to rely less on societal assumptions, prejudices and generalisations but more on individual personality traits. So, a vital aspect of education is to teach children the key aspects of gender sensitivity, including respect for the other genders. Education has reduced lack of knowledge, lack of awareness and has increased the acceptance of the reality that both the genders are different and have different needs, importance and competencies. The sex stereotyping and other hidden forms of discrimination are also slowly reducing because of more gaining knowledge and becoming educated.
Gender sensitization is the new term being used by social thinkers and activists to raise awareness of gender issues. Men and women are similar to bicycle wheels. Gender sensitization is the process of raising people's awareness of gender issues and changing how they act toward them in order to bring about revolutionary change in society. By raising awareness of gender equality issues, gender sensitization is for changing the stereotype concept or idea into behavior modification. Education is a crucial tool for achieving gender parity and accelerating national development at the same time. Gender issues have a negative impact on personal and social life as well as economic expansion. When it comes to overcoming these challenges and obstacles, education is one important sector that requires special attention. It has contributed to closing the gap and is empowering women to fully participate in the world of the 21st century, where they should help achieve multiple internationally agreed-upon development goals. By instilling a positive gender ideology in the students, the teacher can influence their mentality. Only when young people are made aware of gender sensitivity, transformation or empowerment will be possible and this will starts in higher education.
Key words: Gender quality, Gender Sensitization, Education, Empowerment
The Relevance of Higher Education in Promoting Gender Equity and Sensitivity
Globally, there is an issue with violence against women and girls, which affects all communities, cultures, and geographical areas to varying degrees. Women who experience discrimination, hazardous conditions, and deprivation of their fundamental freedoms and human rights are unable to contribute to the growth of a country. Growing concern has been expressed over time by a number of organizations over the prevalence and consequences of violence against women. By 2030, the UNESCO is dedicated to empowering all women and girls and promoting gender equality in and via formal and informal education systems, from early childhood through higher education. The wellbeing and productivity of entire families and communities are influenced by empowered women. One important tactic for advancing gender equality in society is gender mainstreaming. Today's society desperately needs gender sensitization. It entails raising awareness of gender inequalities at all societal levels and educating people on the value of treating men and women equally in terms of opportunities and treatment. Through courses and programs, tertiary educational institutions should actively engage in educating students about gender issues. The current situation calls for a shift in perception and communication style. To effectively implement gender-sensitive programs and policies, people must be open-minded and objective in their thoughts and deeds. This Paper Aims to discuss how higher education institutions in India are working to educate students about gender issues and make sure that all young Indians gain a knowledge of and respect for human rights by drawing on the policies and strategies used by organizations and governments to promote gender sensitivity and gender equity in the academic world. The study's foundation is secondary information gathered from publications like books, government manuals, official reports, journals, newspapers, and electronic media.
Keywords: Gender, Equity, Sensitization, Mainstreaming and Higher Institutions.
Women’s Identity in Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni’s selected novels
This literary study uses the traits of Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni’s protagonists to explore how women identify both within and outside the boundaries of our society. Identity describes a person’s distinctiveness, value, and drive toward independence. Divakaruni skillfully captures the diasporic component of identity issues in her writings. In this study, three of Divakaruni's books were critically examined in an effort to investigate the identities of her female protagonists. Conflict empowers people to take control of their life and make their own decisions, but it also makes them more indifferent and pessimistic about the world around them, according to research. The female heroines of Divakaruni’s writings win against adversity rather than acquiescing to masculine dominance. As a result, the female protagonists of Divakaruni do not fit traditional expectations. They realize there is a brave new world out there for them to explore and that they must make some bold decisions in order to get there because they have done the hard thinking and seen the big picture.
Keywords: independence, dominance, traditions, value
Gender Equality in Higher Education and Research
Universities are still gendered and gendering institutions, even while they have the potential to be great forces for advancing gender equality, diversity, and inclusion in higher education and in society at large. This Special Issue brings together a variety of methods that examine the mechanisms underlying the (re)production of gender disparities in academia from a critical perspective. The collected papers contribute to current academic debates and policy practise on advancing gender equality in higher education institutions and research by drawing on different standpoints such as feminist institutionalism, social constructivism, post - structuralism, matricentric feminism, feminist points of view on care, interdisciplinary feminist epistemology, transnationalism, and intersectionality. The original papers present, analyse, and debate several areas of intervention that should be addressed by policy instruments like Gender Equality Plans in the post-pandemic age using a broad range of both quantitative and qualitative research tools.
Gender Equity & Sensitization: Role of a Higher Education Institutions in India
Gender equity and sensitization are two different aspect and the role played by the higher education institutions is the third aspect to understand them together. To achieve understanding about equality and that too gender equality, if possible, then only through education. Our prominent leaders like Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi and others have given importance to education as it is the only way to rise society from poverty. Education is one such key element in the life of a human being to achieve empowerment. One such role model of higher education has been B. R. Ambedkar, a Dalit leader. He alone stood against the Britishers and Mahatma Gandhi and fought for the rights of the downtrodden. His understanding to fight for the rights of SC/STs developed due to higher education and could manifest in empowering SC/STs and women. Gender equality is one such difficult target to achieve as we are still far away from achieving equality in society. To achieve it lesson on equality, people need to be sensitized. The higher education needs to find out some innovative method to secure gender equity. The ways to sensitize has to be pragmatic and based according to social set up of the region. Another issue that a higher education has yet to achieve and requires serious effort to strive towards gender equity in terms of the working female staff. The institutions need to broaden its horizon about the understanding to achieve gender equity.
Keywords: Gender, equality, sensitization, educational institutions.
Gender Sensitization: Significance of Higher Education
Globally, there is an issue with violence against women and girls, which affects every location, society, and culture to varying degrees. Women who face discrimination, danger, and violations of their basic freedoms and human rights are unable to contribute to the advancement of a country. Various organisations have grown increasingly concerned over time about the prevalence and consequences of violence against women. By 2030, the UNESCO is dedicated to empowering all women and girls and promoting gender equality in and via formal and informal education systems, from early childhood through higher education. Women who are empowered improve the well-being and productivity of their entire families and communities. One important tactic for advancing gender equality in society is gender mainstreaming. Today’s society desperately needs gender sensitization. It entails raising awareness of gender inequalities at all societal levels and educating people on the value of treating men and women equally in terms of opportunities and treatment. Through courses and programmes, tertiary educational institutions should actively engage in educating students about gender issues. The current situation calls for a shift in perception and communication style. To effectively implement gender-sensitive programmes and policies, people must be open-minded and objective in their thoughts and deeds. This paper will discuss how higher education institutions in India are working to educate students about gender issues and make sure that all young Indians gain a knowledge of and respect for human rights by drawing on the policies and strategies used by organisations and governments to promote gender sensitivity and gender equality in the academic world. The study is supported by secondary information gathered from publications such as books, government manuals, official reports, journals, newspapers, and electronic media.
Keywords: Gender, Equality, Sensitization, Mainstreaming, Institutions.