Technical Session-2

Paper Presentations

Waste Management in Higher Education Institutions

15th February 2023  I  2:00 P.M Onwards

P. Ajay

Assistant Professor

Erode Sengunthar Engineering

College, Erode, Tamil Nadu

Abstract -1

Circular and Green Economy from Institutional Solid Waste Management

Biochar is a key solution to handle and manage the solid wastes generated from industries as well from institutions. It is a charcoal-like substance that is made by treating solid wastes in a controlled process called Thermal Cracking. Biochar has various applications such as adsorbent, fuel, fertilizer etc. The advantages of char over sludge is that char does not have any pathogens so will not contaminate the land and grazing animals. Also, the calorific value of char is higher than that of sludge so it can also be used as fuel. Managing the solid wastes with current methods such as Land filling, Incineration, Stockpiling has many environmental issues such as risk of nutrient leaching, greenhouse gas emissions etc. Results based on the reaction carried out in our Rotary Kiln reactor with 10 kg of feed shows a 62 to 68 % conversion of STP sludge into biochar. Also, application of biochar as a fertilizer in different ratios carried out in mustard plant showed good results in the plant growth. The best way to manage sludge is to convert it into biochar and utilizing it as a fuel or fertilizer. On processing the bio solids, the institution not only could produce valuable biochar but also could reduce the quantity of waste disposals. It also makes much profit for the institutions by reducing the energy needs and the cost on waste disposal. The production of char from solid wastes comes under circular economy and follows 3R system (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) and thus will be sustainable resources.

Key Words: Institutional Solid Waste, Biochar, Thermal Cracking, Circular Economy &  Sustainable.

Dr. Rita C. Patel

Assistant Professor

A.G. Teachers College, Ahmedabad 

Abstract -2

Teacher Trainees Awareness of E-waste and Its Disposal

Extensive use of electronic devices is becoming the concern regarding e-waste disposal. Policies and regulation framed are unable to get transformed into practices. Practices need awareness programs. The Younger generation are the biggest consumers of e- devices and rapid change in the technology accelerates the obsolescence of devices generating e-waste. So, it is essential to make the younger generation undergo awareness drives to address this issue. TEI serves as a nodal agency for school education and HEI. Rigor training in TEI can be helpful in transforming school education. Present study aims to investigate teacher trainees awareness and understanding regarding e-waste and its disposal leading to environmental and health degradation after participating in ecoclub activities. Investigators had discussed e-waste and its disposal leading to hazardous effects. It was noted that trainees had brief awareness regarding the disposal of e-waste. This originated eco club activity like awareness webinars followed by e-waste collection drives. Investigators collected data from 75 trainees. 50% students were not aware about e-waste management before attending eco club e-waste management activities. 98% trainees were aware of the correct disposal method of e-waste and how to manage the domestic e-waste on their own after their participation in eco club activities. 80% respondent recognised e-waste recycling companies. 67% student-teachers enthusiastically donated e-wastes like Mobile, TV Remote, Charger, Earphone, Headphones, old computer accessories, cable, mouse, wire, video game, light bulb , CD, DVD, pen drive, speaker etc. during ‘E-waste Collection Drive’. It was concluded that eco club activities did bring awareness and disposal facts regarding e-waste. Institutions should launch various activities to create more awareness, knowledge, and positive attitudes toward e-waste management. 

Keywords: E-waste Management, Eco club activity, Awareness, TEI

Dr. Shalini Sharma

Assistant Professor

HIMT, Greater NOIDA 

Abstract -3


In present Scenario Waste management is a complex activity. In higher Education Institutions it is a multidimensional problem that requires Political, economic, sociocultural and technology-based activity. Higher Education Institutions Campus produce solid, liquid and E-waste including Vegetable Waste from mess or canteen cooked or uncooked, paper, plastic, used Pen, pen refills, pencil shavings, batteries, plant waste. Some of these wastes are biodegradable and others are non-biodegradable. Disposal of Non-Biodegradable substance is a major concern in Higher Education as it may form the breeding grounds for disease causing vectors and it also contaminates the soil. In this paper, Various Institutions which are adopting good practices of waste management are also reviewed. Nowadays most of the campus of Higher Education Institutions are focusing on minimizing the amount of Waste Generation by raising awareness programme and using innovative ideas in handling Waste. In regard to this, Higher Education Institutions can use the potential of academicians or Teaching staff to create awareness among students, non-teaching staff and other Stakeholders through different Strategies regarding waste management. This paper aims at to identify the cause of waste generation in Higher Education Institutions and to recommend the various method to reduce Waste in the campus by adopting suitable Way of disposal of Waste Management.

Keywords: Waste Management, Higher Education Institutions, Multidimensional Problem, stakeholders, Biodegradable and Non-biodegradable Waste.

Dimpal Jain

Assistant Professor

Rawal College of Education, Faridabad  

Abstract -4

Waste Management in Higher Education Institutions

The need for sustainable development has compelled emerging nations to carefully examine their waste management practices, particularly those of their educational institutions. One of the difficulties educational institutions confront in achieving sustainability objectives is waste management. An analysis of waste characterization was done in this paper. For institutions with high levels of activity, a straightforward method for classifying solid waste is suggested. The research comprised an estimation of waste generation rates, a description of the solid waste produced on campus, and a comparison of waste generation rates during four unique periods during the academic year: normal semester, study break, and summer semester. Education institutions resemble little cities with lots of buildings, dorms, canteens, playgrounds, classrooms, and halls where a lot of staff and students go about their everyday lives. They produce a lot of garbage, whether it is liquid, solid, or electronic waste. In comparison to providing formal education, institutions find it challenging to manage them and they face several difficulties. At least 87% of the waste produced on campus may be recycled. A university- managed program must be run to guarantee reliable recycling and sustainable solid waste management. The institution can give staff and student’s opportunities to use creative waste handling techniques and reduce the global uses of waste management easily by increasing awareness of optical management practices. Garbage management is simply a means of treating waste methodically. Before building more landfills, consider reuse and reduction options as well as recycling waste materials as much as you can.

Neethu Raj. M

Research Scholar

Mar Theophiles Training College, Nalanchira  

Abstract -5


Education is essential in life because it equips individuals with the knowledge and abilities need to succeed in it. For instance, it enlightens a person's thoughts and mind. We can instill waste management knowledge through effective education. Waste management is crucial since incorrectly disposed of garbage can have negative effects on one's health, safety, and finances. Humans must effectively and safely manage and store their garbage if they are to avoid harming the Earth's ecosystems and maintain a good standard of living for all inhabitants. We can educate children about the value of waste management through Context-Based Learning. The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of context based learning on developing awareness about waste management among secondary school students. This study used a quasi-experiment design. The research subjects were 40 tenth grade CBSC students of Divine public School, Kollam District in the academic year 2022-2023 .The instruments used were Context Based Learning Templates and Waste Management Awareness Test. The instruments had a high reliability. The data were analyzed descriptively. The results of this study revealed that context based learning have a significant role on developing awareness about waste management among secondary school students.

Keywords: Context Based Learning, Waste Management